The History Of Mattresses

Mattresses are a key component of bedding. Because most humans spend over a third of their lives sleeping, finding a quality mattress is important for a high quality of life. Normally comprised of foam and fibers, with metal springs on a wooden frame, mattresses help ensure a restful sleep.

Serta, Sealy, and Simmons are the three largest, most popular mattress brands in the USA.

Standard USA mattress sizes are Twin/Single (39 X 75), Double/Full (54 X 75), Queen (60 X 80), King (78 X 80). Other USA mattress sizes include Olympic Queen (66 X 80), California Queen (60 X 84), and California King (72 X 80).

Mattresses typically require replacement after seven to fifteen years of use, or sooner, if the coils or frame have experienced noticeable wear and tear.

A Brief History of the Mattress

In the Neolithic period (8,000-6,000 B.C.), people migrated from sleeping on the ground to simple man-made beds and mattresses. These first resting structures were constructed of leaves and grass, held together with animal skin. Around 3,500 B.C., Persians invented the first waterbeds, made of goatskins filled with water. The more affluent inhabitants of the Roman Empire, circa 200 B.C., slept on mattresses filled with feathers. Steel coils, which now support the vast majority of mattresses, were not patented for this purpose until 1865.

Mattresses have enjoyed many advances in the past few decades, including the advent of air mattresses, foam mattresses, and memory foam mattresses. Increasingly, mattresses are being constructed from modern materials such as latex foam and polyurethane foam. In addition, those consumers seeking affordability and convenience have chosen futons and futon mattresses to ensure their good nights sleep. And there has long been a core of waterbed enthusiasts who remain committed to waterbed mattresses.

  •  
    The Therm-a-Restuxury Map Self-Inflating Mattress gives you a great nights sleep outdoors with fewer pressure points and more supportive sleep surface. This advanced air mattress provides outstanding comfort withess overall foam vol
    $99.99  from Bass Pro Shops
  • Sealy
    Delivering superior comfort and allover support, the Posturepedic Spoleti Park firm mattress ensures a restful night's sleep. quilt layer: FlameGuard" fiber; 1/2" SealyCushion" ultra-soft foam comfort layers: 1" SealyCushion extra-soft foam; " SealyCool" gel memory foam center 1/3 innerspring system: Sealy Embrace" coils; SolidEdge HD system premium knit fabric twin mattress: 74x38x10"H; 434 coil count twin xl mattress: 79x38x10"H; 448 coil count full mattress: 74x53x10"H; 589 coil count queen & split-queen mattress: 79x60x11"H; 704 coil count king mattress: 79x76x10"H; 896 coil count cal. king mattress: 83x72x10"H; 884 coil count made in America Set includes mattress plus box spring/foundation. Foundation measures 9"H; mattress set measures 19"H when stacked. Split Queen, King and Cal. King mattress sets feature 2-piece side-by-side foundations for easier navigation in tight spaces. You can purchase this mattress without a box spring, but your best value is to buy the set together. The matching box spring is specially designed to provide support, absorb shock and reduce wear to the mattress. You'll sleep more comfortably, and your new mattress will last longer.
    $562.50  from JCPenney
  • Sealy
    Experience comfort and deep sleep like no other with the Posturepedic Plus Livermore Valley plush mattress that sets the bar high when it comes to allover support. quilt layer: FlameGuard" fiber; 2x1/2" SealyCushion" ultra-soft foam comfort layers: 2" SealyCushion extra-soft foam; " SealyCool" gel memory foam; " SealyCool gel memory foam center 1/3 innerspring system: Sealy Embrace" Plus coils; SolidEdge HD System premium knit fabric cover twin mattress: 74x38x14"H; 496 coil count twin xl mattress: 79x38x14"H; 528 coil count full mattress: 74x53x14"H; 682 coil count queen & split-queen mattress: 79 x60x14"H; 825 coil count king mattress: 79x76x14"H; 1056 coil count cal. king mattress: 83x72x14"H; 990 coil count made in America Set includes mattress plus box spring/foundation. Foundation measures 9"H; mattress set measures 23"H when stacked. Split Queen, King and Cal. King mattress sets feature 2-piece side-by-side foundations for easier navigation in tight spaces. You can purchase this mattress without a box spring, but your best value is to buy the set together. The matching box spring is specially designed to provide support, absorb shock and reduce wear to the mattress. You'll sleep more comfortably, and your new mattress will last longer.
    $1,192.50  from JCPenney
  • Sealy
    Experience comfort and deep sleep like no other with the Posturepedic Plus Livermore Valley ultra firm mattress that sets the bar high when it comes to allover support. quilt layer: FlameGuard" fiber; 1/2" SealyCushion" soft foam comfort layers: " SealyCool" gel memory foam; 1" SealySupport" ultra-firm foam; " SealyCool gel memory foam center 1/3 innerspring system: Sealy Embrace" Plus coils; SolidEdge HD System premium knit fabric cover twin mattress: 74x38x10"H; 496 coil count twin xl mattress: 79x38x10"H; 528 coil count full mattress: 74x53x10"H; 682 coil count queen & split-queen mattress: 79 x60x10"H; 825 coil count king mattress: 79x76x10"H; 1056 coil count cal. king mattress: 83x72x10"H; 990 coil count made in America Set includes mattress plus box spring/foundation. Foundation measures 9"H; mattress set measures 19"H when stacked. Split Queen, King and Cal. King mattress sets feature 2-piece side-by-side foundations for easier navigation in tight spaces. You can purchase this mattress without a box spring, but your best value is to buy the set together. The matching box spring is specially designed to provide support, absorb shock and reduce wear to the mattress. You'll sleep more comfortably, and your new mattress will last longer.
    $877.50  from JCPenney
  • Sealy
    Delivering superior comfort and allover support, the Posturepedic Spoleti Park plush Euro-top mattress ensures a restful night's sleep. quilt layer: FlameGuard" fiber; 2x1/2" SealyCushion" ultra-soft foam comfort layers: 1" SealyCushion extra-soft foam; " SealyCool" gel memory foam center 1/3 innerspring system: Sealy Embrace" coils; SolidEdge HD system premium knit fabric twin mattress: 74x38x11"H; 434 coil count twin xl mattress: 79x38x11"H; 448 coil count full mattress: 74x53x11"H; 589 coil count queen & split-queen mattress: 79x60x11"H; 704 coil count king mattress: 79x76x11"H; 896 coil count cal. king mattress: 83x72x11"H; 884 coil count made in America Set includes mattress plus box spring/foundation. Foundation measures 9"H; mattress set measures 20"H when stacked. Split Queen, King and Cal. King mattress sets feature 2-piece side-by-side foundations for easier navigation in tight spaces. You can purchase this mattress without a box spring, but your best value is to buy the set together. The matching box spring is specially designed to provide support, absorb shock and reduce wear to the mattress. You'll sleep more comfortably, and your new mattress will last longer.
    $562.50  from JCPenney
  • Sealy
    Experience comfort and deep sleep like no other with the Posturepedic Plus Livermore Valley cushion firm mattress that sets the bar high when it comes to allover support. quilt layer: FlameGuard" fiber; 2x1/2" SealyCushion" ultra-soft foam comfort layers: 1" SealyCushion extra-soft foam; 1" SealyCushion soft foam; " SealyCool" gel memory foam; " SealyCool gel memory foam center 1/3 innerspring system: Sealy Embrace" Plus coils; SolidEdge HD System premium knit fabric cover twin mattress: 74x38x11"H; 496 coil count twin xl mattress: 79x38x11"H; 528 coil count full mattress: 74x53x11"H; 682 coil count queen & split-queen mattress: 79 x60x11"H; 825 coil count king mattress: 79x76x11"H; 1056 coil count cal. king mattress: 83x72x11"H; 990 coil count made in America Set includes mattress plus box spring/foundation. Foundation measures 9"H; mattress set measures 20"H when stacked. Split Queen, King and Cal. King mattress sets feature 2-piece side-by-side foundations for easier navigation in tight spaces. You can purchase this mattress without a box spring, but your best value is to buy the set together. The matching box spring is specially designed to provide support, absorb shock and reduce wear to the mattress. You'll sleep more comfortably, and your new mattress will last longer.
    $877.50  from JCPenney
  • Sealy
    Experience comfort and deep sleep like no other with the Posturepedic Plus Livermore Valley firm mattress that sets the bar high when it comes to allover support. quilt layer: FlameGuard" fiber; 1/2" SealyCushion" ultra-soft foam comfort layers: " SealyCool" gel memory foam; 1" SealyCushion extra-soft foam; 1" SealyCushion soft foam; " SealyCool gel memory foam center 1/3 innerspring system: Sealy Embrace" Plus coils; SolidEdge HD System premium knit fabric cover twin mattress: 74x38x11"H; 496 coil count twin xl mattress: 79x38x11"H; 528 coil count full mattress: 74x53x11"H; 682 coil count queen & split-queen mattress: 79 x60x11"H; 825 coil count king mattress: 79x76x11"H; 1056 coil count cal. king mattress: 83x72x11"H; 990 coil count made in America Set includes mattress plus box spring/foundation. Foundation measures 9"H; mattress set measures 20"H when stacked. Split Queen, King and Cal. King mattress sets feature 2-piece side-by-side foundations for easier navigation in tight spaces. You can purchase this mattress without a box spring, but your best value is to buy the set together. The matching box spring is specially designed to provide support, absorb shock and reduce wear to the mattress. You'll sleep more comfortably, and your new mattress will last longer.
    $877.50  from JCPenney
  • Sealy
    Delivering superior comfort and allover support, the Posturepedic Spoleti Park plush mattress set ensures a restful night's sleep. quilt layer: FlameGuard" fiber; 2x1/2" SealyCushion" ultra-soft foam comfort layers: 1" SealyCushion extra-soft foam; " SealyCool" gel memory foam center 1/3 innerspring system: Sealy Embrace" coils; SolidEdge HD system premium knit fabric twin mattress: 74x38x11"H; 434 coil count twin xl mattress: 79x38x11"H; 448 coil count full mattress: 74x53x11"H; 589 coil count queen & split-queen mattress: 79x60x11"H; 704 coil count king mattress: 79x76x11"H; 896 coil count cal. king mattress: 83x72x11"H; 884 coil count made in America Includes mattress plus box spring. You can purchase this mattress without a box spring, but your best value is to buy the set together. The matching box spring is specially designed to provide support, absorb shock and reduce wear to the mattress. You'll sleep more comfortably, and your new mattress will last longer.
    $562.50  from JCPenney
  • Sealy
    Featuring thicker memory foam and more encased coils for added comfort, this Euro pillow-top mattress provides allover support with incomparable relaxation. premium soft cover fabric FrameGuard Fiber quilt and Hypersoft foam quilt layer comfort layers: 1.5" SealyFoam Versare inner panel; 2" High Performance SealyFoam; 1/2" SealyCool Gel Memory Foam Center 1/3 Sealy Embrace plus Encased Coil; CoreSupport center; SolidEdge HD System corner handles for easy transport polyester/polypropylene twin: 74.5x38x14"H; 496 coil count twin xl: 79.5x38x14"H; 528 coil count full: 74.5x54x11.5"H; 682 coil count queen: 74.5x 60x14"H; 825 coil count king: 74.5x80x14"H; 1056 coil count cal. king: 83.5x72x14"H; 990 coil count made in America Includes mattress only. Mattress plus box spring option also available.
    $819.00  from JCPenney
  • Sealy
    Our firm Euro-top mattress from the Plus Series brings on more comfort and support with its thicker Memory Foam layer and encased coil system for allover support. premium soft cover fabric with corner handles FrameGuard Fiber quilt and Hypersoft foam quilt layer comfort layers: 1.5" SuperSoft SealyFoam; Versare Inner Panel; 2" SealyFoam; 1/2" SealyCool Gel Memory Foam Center 1/3 Sealy Embrace plus Encased Coil; CoreSupport center; SolidEdge HD System corner handles for easy transport polyester/polypropylene twin: 74.5x38x14"H; 496 coil count twin xl: 79.5x38x14"H; 528 coil count full: 74.5x54x14"H; 682 coil count queen: 74.5x 60x14"H; 825 coil count king: 74.5x80x14"H; 1056 coil count cal. king: 83.5x72x14"H; 990 coil count made in America Includes mattress only. Mattress plus box spring option also available
    $1,069.00  from JCPenney
  • Sealy
    Delivering comfort and support time-after-time, our tight-top mattress boasts superior hybrid construction for a relaxing sleep. durable knit fabric cover FlameGuard" Fiber and HyperSoft Foam quilt comfort layers: 3" SealyCushion" UltraSoft Foam; 0.5" gel memory CoreSupport" foam center 1/3 supportive Classic Coil" innerspring system provides long-lasting stability SolidEdge" HD System polyester/polypropylene twin: 74.5x38x12"H; coil count 378 twin xl: 79.5x38x12"H; 406 coil count full: 74.5x53x12"H; coil count 513 queen: 79.5x60x12"H; 638 coil count king: 79.5x76x12"H; 812 coil count cal. king: 83.5x72x12"H; 806 coil count made in America Includes mattress only. Mattress plus box spring options also available.
    $539.00  from JCPenney
  • Sealy
    Composed of half foam and half springs, this hybrid firm mattress provides comfort layers and Cooling Gel Memory Foam to ensure a full nights peaceful rest. premium cover stretch knit fabric comfort layers: 1 SealyCool" gel memory foam; 2 SealyCushion" Extra Soft Foam; 0.5" SealyCool gel memory foam center 1/3 Zoned Sealy Embrace" Premier Coils; CoreSupport" Premier center SolidEdge" HD Premiere System ensures extra comfort twin xl: 79.5x38x14.5"H; 525 coil count full: 74.5x53x14.5"H; 726 coil count queen: 79.5x60x14.5"H; 875 coil count king: 79.5x76x14.5"H; 1120 coil count cal. king: 83.5x72x14.5"H; 1110 coil count made in America Includes mattress only. Mattress plus box spring options also available.
    $989.00  from JCPenney