The History Of Mattresses

Mattresses are a key component of bedding. Because most humans spend over a third of their lives sleeping, finding a quality mattress is important for a high quality of life. Normally comprised of foam and fibers, with metal springs on a wooden frame, mattresses help ensure a restful sleep.

Serta, Sealy, and Simmons are the three largest, most popular mattress brands in the USA.

Standard USA mattress sizes are Twin/Single (39 X 75), Double/Full (54 X 75), Queen (60 X 80), King (78 X 80). Other USA mattress sizes include Olympic Queen (66 X 80), California Queen (60 X 84), and California King (72 X 80).

Mattresses typically require replacement after seven to fifteen years of use, or sooner, if the coils or frame have experienced noticeable wear and tear.

A Brief History of the Mattress

In the Neolithic period (8,000-6,000 B.C.), people migrated from sleeping on the ground to simple man-made beds and mattresses. These first resting structures were constructed of leaves and grass, held together with animal skin. Around 3,500 B.C., Persians invented the first waterbeds, made of goatskins filled with water. The more affluent inhabitants of the Roman Empire, circa 200 B.C., slept on mattresses filled with feathers. Steel coils, which now support the vast majority of mattresses, were not patented for this purpose until 1865.

Mattresses have enjoyed many advances in the past few decades, including the advent of air mattresses, foam mattresses, and memory foam mattresses. Increasingly, mattresses are being constructed from modern materials such as latex foam and polyurethane foam. In addition, those consumers seeking affordability and convenience have chosen futons and futon mattresses to ensure their good nights sleep. And there has long been a core of waterbed enthusiasts who remain committed to waterbed mattresses.

  • Spindle Mattress
    SPDL1003FeaturesCollection: Abscond3 Layers natural latexQuilted wool and organic cotton coverNo poly-foam, no memory foam, no mystery fillers and no chemical flame retardantsSlat bed or a spindle foundation is requiredMade in the USACore Construction: LatexCountry of Manufacture: United States DimensionsSize TwinOverall Width - Side to Side: 38"Overall Product Weight: 95 lbsSize Twin XLOverall Product Weight: 95 lbsSize FullOverall Thickness: 10"Overall Width - Side to Side: 53"Overall Length - Head to Toe: 74.5"Overall Product Weight: 125 lbsSize QueenOverall Width - Side to Side: 60"Overall Length - Head to Toe: 79.5"Overall Product Weight: 145 lbsSize KingOverall Width - Side to Side: 79.5"Overall Length - Head to Toe: 76"
    $1,899.99  from Walmart US
  • HI FLDING MATTRESS
    Hi Flding Mattress Folding Mattress Large
    $115.00  from Walmart US
  • Colgate Mattress
    Lightweight orthopedic style. Dual firmness infant. Viscoelastic memory foam. Firmer supportive infant side consists of solid 5 in. block. Less firm toddler side has 1 in. thick layer of high quality, non-allergenic viscoelastic memory foam. Square corners ensures snug, safe fit in all standard American cribs and toddler beds. Durable tear-resistant five ply nylon reinforced cover on infant side. Beautiful damask cloth with waterproof backing on toddler side. Cloth binding provides strong seams. Double row of eyelet vents provides freshness. CertiPUR-US certified high quality foam. Passes all federal and state requirements for flammability and chemical composition. GREENGUARD children and schools certified to have no harmful air emissions. 6 in. thickness. White and beige color. Made in USA. 51.63 in. L x 27.25 in. W (10.8 lbs.) . The crib mattress is actually a more important product that are specifically for the benefit of the child and not just for the convenience of the parents. The child will spend the first three to five years of their lives sleeping and playing on this mattress are the best reasons to buy a quality crib mattress. Memory foam invented by NASA for space shuttle seats and astronauts helmets reduces pressure points so there is less tossing and turning and toddler gets a more restful sleep. This mattress combines the most popular foam for infants: Classica I foam on the more firm side with more comfortable memory foam on the other thus combining to create the perfect foam mattress.
    $211.32  from Walmart US
  • Colgate Mattress
    High quality and lightweight. Orthopedic style. Dual firmness infant. Viscoelastic memory foam. Firmer supportive infant side consists solid 5 in. block. Less firm side is more comfortable for toddlers has 1 in. thick layer of high quality and non-allergenic viscoelastic memory foam. Square corners ensure snug and safe fit in all standard American cribs and toddler beds. Extra soft rayon cloth cover made with natural bamboo fibers provides cloth closest to baby. Waterproof backing lets nothing into mattress. Cloth binding provides strong seams and a double row of eyelet vents provides freshness. CertiPUR-US certified safe and high quality foam. Eco-friendlier foam made with plant oils. Passes all federal and state requirements for flammability and chemical composition. GREENGUARD children and schools certified to have no harmful air emissions. 6 in. thickness. Ecru color. Made in USA. 51.63 in. L x 27.25 in. W (10.50 lbs.) . Memory foam invented by NASA for space shuttle seats and astronauts helmets, reduces pressure points so there is less tossing and turning and toddler gets a more restful sleep. The crib mattress is actually a more important product that are specifically for the benefit of the child and not just for the convenience of the parents. The child will spend the first three to five years of their lives sleeping and playing on this mattress are the best reasons to buy a quality crib mattress.
    $251.54  from Walmart US
  • Best Price Mattress
    BPMT1069FeaturesRelieves pressure points for a more muscle-relaxing, deeper, rejuvenating sleep2.5" Memory foam, 3" ventilated cool foam, 6.5" high density base foamIncludes a rich poly-jacquard fabric mattress coverSimple to set up no tools required14" Of under bed storageConstruction material: 100pct SteelCore Construction: Memory foamNumber of Items Included: 2Comfort Level: Medium DimensionsSize QueenOverall Width - Side to Side: 60"Overall Length - Head to Toe: 80"Overall Product Weight: 114 lbsSize California KingOverall Width - Side to Side: 72"Overall Length - Head to Toe: 84"Overall Product Weight: 138 lbsSize FullOverall Width - Side to Side: 54"Overall Length - Head to Toe: 75"Overall Product Weight: 98 lbsSize KingOverall Width - Side to Side: 76"Overall Length - Head to Toe: 80"Overall Product Weight: 139 lbs
    $459.19  from Walmart US
  • Sealy Crib Mattresses
    Sealy Ortho Rest Crib Mattress:150 durability tested heavy-gauge steel coils offer a firm foundation and excellent support2 hypoallergenic layers offer cushioned comfort for infants and toddlersReinforced-waterproof cover and binding resist liquids and stainsWaterproof lock-stitched binding helps prevent mold, mildew and odor from seeping inside like cotton binding can allowCover wipes clean with soap and waterAirflow pocket helps keep mattress fresh without the use of small metal ventsFits all USA standard-size cribs and toddler beds for years of useGREENGUARD certified for a healthier sleeping environmentPasses all flammability tests without the use of flame retardants and passes all phthalate, lead and toxicity tests10-year warranty on workmanship and materialsDimensions: 51.63"L x 27.25"W x 5.25"HModel# EM361-PPKPQuestions about product recalls? Items that are a part of a recall are removed from the Walmart.com site, and are no longer available for purchase. These items include Walmart.com items only, not those of Marketplace sellers. Customers who have purchased a recalled item will be notified by email or by letter sent to the address given at the time of purchase. For complete recall information, go to Walmart Recalls
    $59.97  from Walmart US
  • Best Price Mattress
    BPMT1042FeaturesSet includes mattress and base foundationMaterial: 100pct Steel2" Memory foam layer infused with active charcoals to maintain freshness2" Ventilated foam plus 4" high density base foam for added comfort and durabilityDual-use metal base foundation replaces the need for the traditional box springEasy set up (no tools required) DimensionsTwin foundation dimensions: 75" H x 39" W x 14" D, 22 lbsFull foundation dimensions: 75" H x 54" W x 14" D, 26 lbsQueen foundation dimensions: 80" H x 60" W x 14" D, 30 lbsKing foundation dimensions: 80" H x 76" W x 14" D, 34 lbsSize TwinOverall Thickness: 22"Overall Width - Side to Side: 39"Overall Length - Head to Toe: 75"Overall Product Weight: 55 lbsSize FullOverall Width - Side to Side: 54"Overall Product Weight: 71 lbsSize QueenOverall Width - Side to Side: 60"Overall Length - Head to Toe: 80"Overall Product Weight: 82 lbsSize KingOverall Width - Side to Side: 76"Overall Product Weight: 96 lbs
    $289.20  from Walmart US
  • Best Price Mattress
    BPMT1044Features100% Poly-jacquard zippered cover with slip-proof bottomBag color: BlackCase Material: Foam DimensionsThickness: 12"Overall Width - Side to Side: 33"Overall Length - Head to Foot: 75"Overall Length - Head to Foot: 25"Overall Product Weight: 12 lbs
    $98.99  from Walmart US
  • Best Price Mattress
    BPMT1036FeaturesSet includes mattress and base foundationMaterial: 100% Steel3" Memory foam layer infused with active charcoals to maintain freshness2" Super soft foam plus 5" high density base foam for added comfort and durabilityDual-use metal base foundation replaces the need for the traditional box springManufacturer provides 10 years warranty on mattress and 5 years warranty on bed frameCore Construction: Memory foamNumber of Items Included: 2Comfort Level: Firm DimensionsWrench size: 0.43"Under bed storage size: 14"Size KingOverall Width - Side to Side: 76"Overall Product Weight: 129 lbsSize TwinOverall Thickness: 10"Overall Width - Side to Side: 39"Overall Length - Head to Toe: 75"Overall Product Weight: 65 lbsSize FullOverall Width - Side to Side: 54"Overall Product Weight: 82 lbsSize QueenOverall Width - Side to Side: 60"Overall Length - Head to Toe: 80"Overall Product Weight: 97 lbs SpecificationsCPSIA Compliant: YesCPSC - 16 CFR 1633 Compliant: Yes
    $360.16  from Walmart US
  • Naturepedic Mattress
    The Naturepedic Dual Firmness Organic Crib Mattress features square corners, seamless edges and dual firmness! Waterproof edges and heat sealed waterproof seams prevent moisture penetration for a more hygienic design. No seepage of fluids or entry points for dust mites. Features square corners for a safer and more snug fit in your crib or toddler bed. Promote a Healthy Environment for Your Baby or Child Baby and Children;s mattresses typically use materials such as vinyl/PVC and polyurethane foam which release questionable chemicals over time. These materials and chemicals have been eliminated in the No-Compromise Organic Baby Crib Mattress. NEW Dual Firmness Option Features a slightly firmer infant side and a slightly softer toddler side that will grow with your child for many years. Waterproof Surface - Food Grade Polyethylene Easy-to-clean 100% Polyethylene food grade waterproof surface. An excellent alternative to the vinyl/PVC found in nearly all crib mattresses. Polyethylene is an environmentally friendly plastic used throughout the food packaging industry for its purity and non-toxic properties. Provides the ultimate non-toxic waterproof and stain resistant mattress cover. Organic Cotton Filling Mother nature provides the best materials for a healthy and comfortable sleep. A crib mattress made with organic cotton promotes a healthy and more chemical-free sleeping environment. Cotton is an ideal filling material that is both natural and renewable. Organic Cotton is unbleached, undyed, and grown without synthetic pesticides, herbicides, or chemical fertilizers. Firm Support Heavy-duty orthopedic innerspring and firm flat surface provide ideal support in accordance with pediatrician and Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) firmness recommendations. In addition, heavy-duty border rods add strong side and edge support for all models. Designed for a snug fit. HypoallergenicDust Mite Barrier Cover - No need for an additional dust mite barrier encasing. No Woo
    $299.00  from Walmart US
  • Naturepedic Mattress
    You can feel good about baby;s health and safety when using the Naturepedic Stokke Sleepi Crib mattress. Features: Waterproof Organic Cotton Cover - Features a luxurious organic cotton fabric with a clear 100% polyethylene food-grade waterproof coating. Non-allergenic and easy-to-clean. Organic Cotton Filling - Pure, Natural, and chemical-free Firm Support - Features Air-Core, a non-toxic environmentally friendly support layer made from 100% food-grade polyethylene - Air-Core is a network of closed cell air pockets that provide a firm and comfortable base without the toxic properties of polyurethane foam and the allergenic concerns of latex rubber. Non-Toxic DesignNO Vinyl, PVC, or Phthalates NO Polyurethane Foam NO Latex or Wool (for allergy concerns) Sleepi Crib - 27" x 47" x 3"Gift Wrap not available.
    $219.00  from Walmart US
  • Naturepedic Mattress
    You can feel good about baby;s health and safety when using the Naturepedic Stokke Sleepi Mini or Bassinet mattress. Features: Waterproof Organic Cotton Cover - Features a luxurious organic cotton fabric with a clear 100% polyethylene food-grade waterproof coating. Non-allergenic and easy-to-clean. Organic Cotton Filling - Pure, Natural, and chemical-free Firm Support - Features Air-Core, a non-toxic environmentally friendly support layer made from 100% food-grade polyethylene - Air-Core is a network of closed cell air pockets that provide a firm and comfortable base without the toxic properties of polyurethane foam and the allergenic concerns of latex rubber. Non-Toxic DesignNO Vinyl, PVC, or Phthalates NO Polyurethane Foam NO Latex or Wool (for allergy concerns) Gift Wrap not available.
    $109.00  from Walmart US