How to Properly Clean Your Home After a Bed Bug Infestation 

Bed Bug Infestation

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Dealing with a bed bug infestation can be a stressful and frustrating experience, but proper cleaning of your bedding and home is essential for effectively eliminating these pesky insects. Bed bugs can hide in the seams, folds, and crevices of your bedding, making it crucial to take thorough cleaning measures to ensure they are completely eradicated.

By following a systematic approach and using appropriate cleaning methods, you can effectively remove bed bugs from your bedding and create a safe, comfortable sleeping environment once again. Here’s a step-by-step guide to cleaning your bedding after a bed bug infestation:

Remove All Bedding

Start by completely stripping your bed, removing all layers including sheets, pillowcases, blankets, and mattress covers. These items are common hiding spots for bed bugs and their eggs.

Wash in Hot Water

Wash all bedding in hot water, preferably at a temperature of at least 60°C (140°F) or higher. The intense heat is crucial for killing both adult bed bugs and their resilient eggs. Use a heavy-duty laundry detergent to ensure thorough cleaning.

Dry on High Heat

After washing, dry your bedding on the highest heat setting possible. The combination of washing and high-heat drying works as a potent weapon against any remaining bed bugs or eggs, ensuring they are eradicated. Make sure the bedding is completely dry before putting it back on the bed.

Vacuum the Mattress and Surrounding Areas

Use a vacuum cleaner with a hose attachment to thoroughly vacuum your mattress, box spring, bed frame, and surrounding areas. Pay close attention to seams, crevices, and tufts where bed bugs may hide. Dispose of the vacuum bag or empty the canister outside immediately after vacuuming.

Encase the Mattress and Box Spring

After vacuuming, encase your mattress and box spring in special bed bug-proof encasements. These encasements will trap any remaining bed bugs inside and prevent new infestations. Make sure the encasements are labeled as bedbug-proof.

Inspect and Clean Other Furniture

Check other furniture in the bedroom for signs of bed bugs, such as nightstands, dressers, and upholstered chairs. Vacuum these items thoroughly and consider using insecticide sprays or powders labeled for bed bug control, following the manufacturer’s instructions carefully.

Steam Clean if Possible

If you have access to a steam cleaner, use it to steam clean your mattress, box spring, and other furniture. The high temperatures of steam can effectively kill bed bugs and their eggs.

Monitor for Signs of Reinfestation

Even after thorough cleaning, it’s important to monitor your bedding and bedroom for any signs of bed bugs. Keep an eye out for live bugs, shed skins, blood spots, or dark fecal matter.

Consider Professional Treatment

If the infestation is severe or if you’re unable to eliminate the bed bugs on your own, consider hiring a professional pest control company that specializes in bed bug extermination. Allan Bossel, operations expert from BBE Bed Bug Exterminator in St. Petersburg, Florida, underscores the superiority of professional heat treatments, which are not only proven to be extremely effective and fast, but also safe and non-toxic. Bossel explains, “Using heat allows us to swiftly and effectively eradicate entire colonies of bed bugs in a single treatment, while chemical treatments typically require multiple applications over several months.”


Remember that eliminating a bed bug infestation often requires persistence and thoroughness and is often difficult to do on your own. It may take multiple rounds of cleaning and treatment to completely eradicate the pests.